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September 6, 2010

The Big Bang Theory Essay

There are currently two widely accepted scientific theories explaining how planet earth was formed. Creationists believe that God created the heavens and the earth, and that God said let there be light, and there was light. Creationists do not believe that random occurrences of nature sparked the beginning of life as we know it. Creationists believe that God created a fully formed earth, and produced man complete in His image. Evolutionists, on the other hand, believe that the universe exploded from a tiny particle.

The Big Bang Theory is the prevailing scientific theory concerning the origin of the universe. According to the Big Bang Theory, the universe was created sometime between 10 and 20 billion years ago. A massive cosmic explosion released radiation, particles, and clouds of atoms into the atmosphere. Before this tremendous explosion occurred, the total matter and energy of space was contained completely at one point. Evolutionists cannot say however, what existed before this event. The Big Bang caused particles to be thrown outward, and to continue in an expanding nature. After the Big Bang, the universe was very hot, and when it did begin to cool off, that is when the formation of common particles began to form. The particles that formed were what scientists would refer to as the building blocks of matter, photons, electrons, and quarks. Gravity soon took over, and condensed all the atoms into galaxies where stars appeared. A phenomenon that occurs when a star dies and explodes is called a supernova. When the stars exploded they created new types of atoms, which were released back into the galaxy and converged with cosmic dust and molecules. Then these formations condensed to form planets. Many more events took place and bacteria formed on earth, which evolved into the human form we know today.

There is evidence supporting and opposing the Big Bang Theory. The abundance of hydrogen, helium, deuterium, and lithium in the atmosphere agree with the predicted amounts projected by the Big Bang Theory. The abundances are checked from the scale of the oldest stars and gas clouds which are made from early material. These tests have found that the stars have the predicted relative abundances. This is one example of evidence supporting the Big Bang Theory. The amount of activity such as active galaxies or collisions was greater in the past than now. This shows that the universe does evolve and change with time, which again supports evolution because evolution states matter is continually evolving. The occurrences of supernovas are key pieces of information explaining the Big Bang Theory. However, a supernova explodes an average of once every hundred years. Although supernovae may provide enough matter to form some new stars, whether there are enough of them to significantly cause changes in the universe is doubtful. This information sheds doubt on the Big Bang Theory. Although there are many more instances where evidence has been found to disprove the Big Bang Theory, this explanation of the origin of the universe is still widely accepted by scientists and astrologists in the scientific community.

Creationists are one group of people who do not accept the Big Bang Theory. These people say that there is no way that an explosion created the universe, because it clearly says in the book of Genesis in the Bible that God created the heavens and the earth. Some reasons why creationists do not believe that the Big Bang occurred are because scripture says all elements were formed together, while the Big Bang states that elements besides hydrogen and helium formed after millions of years. Scripture also says that earth was formed before the stars, while the Big Bang Theory states that earth was formed long after the stars. God also says in His word that the sun, moon, and stars were formed together. The Big Bang Theory says that the sun was formed from older stars.

The Big Bang Theory states that life evolved from a massive explosion, which allowed earth to be formed, which in turn allowed life to evolve on this planet. The probability against the evolution from a common ancestor with chimps to modern man, is 153 quadrillion (153 followed by 15 zeros) to one. This to me proves that the chances of evolution occurring are very slim, and I don’t believe that such a planet could have been formed so randomly. Order requires intelligence, and order cannot come from disorder, also mutations have been proven to be harmful. These are all reasons why creation is the most logical theory surrounding the beginning of the universe.

Some people believe that there is a way to believe in God and evolution. These people are what are called theistic evolutionists. In the theistic evolutionary view, God is integrated into evolution, not as creator of all things, but as an enabler of evolution. Theistic evolution proposes that God intervened at various points in natural development, and periodically created new kinds of animals, elements, and other things. So while believing in creation and this theory is possible, several statements by God in the Bible must be disregarded.

Both creation and the Big Bang Theory have been found to have evidence supporting each side. The vast accumulation of evidence gathered by scientists gives credit to creation, and also provides evidence for the Big Bang Theory. However, mankind will never truly know the origin of the universe, and one’s viewpoint on the debate is mostly shaped by that person’s individual beliefs.

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